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California WCIRB First Aid Claim Requirements – Good and Bad


California WCIRB Issues Mandate on Filing First Aid Claims

The California WCIRB is the workers compensation insurance rating bureau for specifically the Golden State.   The WCIRB produces notices of rule changes that will affect California employers.

British Red Cross First Aid kit California WCIRB green bag
Wikimedia Commons – Owain Davies

One that I wanted to call attention to (even though it was published in November 2016) concerns the handling of First Aid and Small Medical Only claims.   I have written many articles on WCIRB’s conferences, webinars, rulings, etc. over the last fifteen years.   As with most rating bureaus, California WCIRB has provided me with great assistance and almost always a very positive attitude.    See my conclusions on the new rule at the bottom of this article.

Reporting of Small Medical Only or First Aid Claims – California WCIRB

Bulletin 216-25

The Insurance Commissioner recently approved amendments to the California Workers’ Compensation Uniform Statistical Reporting Plan—1995 (USRP) effective January 1, 2017, to clarify the reporting requirements for small medical only or “first aid” claims. The Insurance Commissioner’s Decision (CDI File No. REG-2016-00018), dated October 14, 2016, approved amendments that specifically reference first aid as defined in California Labor Code Section 5401(a), to clarify that insurers must report the cost of all claims for which any medical care is provided and medical costs are incurred, including those involving first aid treatment, even if the insurer did not make the payment.

Man Injured California WCIRB With First Aid Briefcase

These changes can be found at Section II, Definitions, Rule 24, Medical Only or Medical Claims Only, and Section V, Loss Information, Subsection A, General Loss Reporting Instructions, Rule 1, Reporting Losses, of the USRP and are provided below for your reference. As indicated in the Insurance Commissioner’s Decision, the reporting of first aid claims has been an enduring concern. It has been the long-standing position of the CDI and the WCIRB, as communicated in several prior WCIRB Bulletins, that insurers are required to report the medical costs incurred on first aid claims, even if paid by the employer, as any other medical loss.

By explicitly citing first aid in the definition of medical claims and the reporting of losses, the amendments clarify the intent of the regulations and what has been communicated in prior WCIRB Bulletins.

There are no special or unique coding requirements related to the reporting of claims meeting the Labor Code Section 5401(a) definition of first aid. The reporting requirements in Part 4 of the USRP applicable to the reporting of medical costs incurred on any other medical only claim also apply to the medical costs incurred on claims meeting the first aid definition.

Part 4, Unit Statistical Report Filing Requirements, Section II, Definitions: 24.

Woman On Desk California WCIRB With Papers And Computer On Desk

Medical Only or Medical Claims Only A claim or injury for which no indemnity is incurred, but for which medical treatment costs are incurred is a “medical only” claim or injury, regardless of whether the cost of medical treatment, including first aid, is paid by an employer or insurer, or regardless of whether a Workers’ Compensation Claim Form (DWC 1) is filed.

“Medical Only” claims or injuries include but are not limited to all compensable injuries in which the disability does not extend beyond the waiting period specified in the workers’ compensation laws of California, or injuries for which immediate medical treatment has been provided prior to a determination of compensability pursuant to Labor Code Section 5402(c).

Part 4, Unit Statistical Report Filing Requirements, Section V, Loss Information, Subsection A, General Loss Reporting Instructions

1. Reporting Losses Any and all claims, including those involving first aid as defined in California Labor Code Section 5401(a), in which Indemnity Losses or Medical Losses are incurred or Allocated Loss Adjustment Expenses are paid must be reported individually. All loss amounts are on a direct basis (excluding reinsurance assumed and adjustment for reinsurance ceded) and must be reported on a gross basis prior to the application of any deductibles.


Hand Showing California WCIRB Solution Icon

Requiring employers to report all claims no matter the seriousness results in two great developments:

  • Twilight Zone phone calls from medical providers wanting medical authorization
  • Claims festering (c) avoidance – some of the worst claims start as ignored minor claims
  • The WCIRB  also included small medical only claims in the rule which should always be reported


The other side of the coin indicates that for a reported First Aid claim

  • Almost all carriers assign $500 to $1,000 to any first report of injury received – possibly skewing an Experience Modification Factor for a claim or group of claims that never really existed
  • The paperwork involves a large increase in recordkeeping – more regulations?


  • The rule stands.   Report all your claims.  The California WCIRB enforces the legislated rules.   They do not create the rules.   Do not try to work around the rule.
  • Contact your agent/carrier when your renewal date approaches to see if they have a Reportable Only category.    Most do, make sure you get out the most important tool for policy renewals – the proverbial highlighter – and see how your carrier charges and reports Reportable Only claims.


Yes, I do realize the Rating Bureaus supply credits for reporting Medical Only claims.

©J&L Risk Management Inc Copyright Notice


2 Responses

  1. Peculiar article, exactly what I wanted to find. Thanks for the California update.


James J Moore - Workers Comp Expert

Raleigh, NC, United States

About The Author...

James founded a Workers’ Compensation consulting firm, J&L Risk Management Consultants, Inc. in 1996. J&L’s mission is to reduce our clients’ Workers Compensation premiums by using time-tested techniques. J&L’s claims, premium, reserve and Experience Mod reviews have saved employers over $9.8 million in earned premiums over the last three years. J&L has saved numerous companies from bankruptcy proceedings as a result of insurance overpayments.

James has over 27 years of experience in insurance claims, audit, and underwriting, specializing in Workers’ Compensation. He has supervised, and managed the administration of Workers’ Compensation claims, and underwriting in over 45 states. His professional experience includes being the Director of Risk Management for the North Carolina School Boards Association. He created a very successful Workers’ Compensation Injury Rehabilitation Unit for school personnel.

James’s educational background, which centered on computer technology, culminated in earning a Masters of Business Administration (MBA); an Associate in Claims designation (AIC); and an Associate in Risk Management designation (ARM). He is a Chartered Financial Consultant (ChFC) and a licensed financial advisor. The NC Department of Insurance has certified him as an insurance instructor. He also possesses a Bachelors’ Degree in Actuarial Science.

LexisNexis has twice recognized his blog as one of the Top 25 Blogs on Workers’ Compensation. J&L has been listed in AM Best’s Preferred Providers Directory for Insurance Experts – Workers Compensation for over eight years. He recently won the prestigious Baucom Shine Lifetime Achievement Award for his volunteer contributions to the area of risk management and safety. James was recently named as an instructor for the prestigious Insurance Academy.

James is on the Board of Directors and Treasurer of the North Carolina Mid-State Safety Council. He has published two manuals on Workers’ Compensation and three different claims processing manuals. He has also written and has been quoted in numerous articles on reducing Workers’ Compensation costs for public and private employers. James publishes a weekly newsletter with 7,000 readers.

He currently possess press credentials and am invited to various national Workers Compensation conferences as a reporter.

James’s articles or interviews on Workers’ Compensation have appeared in the following publications or websites:

  • Risk and Insurance Management Society (RIMS)
  • Entrepreneur Magazine
  • Bloomberg Business News
  • WorkCompCentral.com
  • Claims Magazine
  • Risk & Insurance Magazine
  • Insurance Journal
  • Workers Compensation.com
  • LinkedIn, Twitter, Facebook and other social media sites
  • Various trade publications


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