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E-Mod Changes for 2015 – NCCI Changes The Formula


2015 E-Mod Changes Makes Safety So Important

In 2015 more E-Mod Changes were produced by the NCCI. A few weeks ago, I discussed the upcoming changes to the E-Mod calculation and gave an example. I then blogged on what will happen to the E-Mod calculation in 2014. Believe it or not, there will also be an increase to the E-Mods for unsafe employers for 2015.

Picture of Calculating E-Mod Changes NCCI
(c) 123rf.com

For example, if a state publishes its ratings on 4/1/2015, then any polices starting AFTER 4/1/2015 will be affected due to the changes. I had planned on commenting on the 2015 changes later in the year. Due to the number of questions that I received, I will do it now.

On January 1, 2015, the Primary Loss split point (ceiling) increases to 15,000. As I mentioned, in the prior three articles on the E-mod changes, I want to keep everything very basic. The basic E-Mod Formula is Actual Losses / Expected Losses.

Adding in the Primary and Excess Loss variables –

(Actual Primary Losses + Actual Excess Losses) / Expected Losses

If we break that down further the formula would be

E-Mod = (Total Actual Primary Losses + (Total Actual Excess Losses * Discount Factor))/Total Expected Losses 

This is the example table for pre-2013 polices. As in the last example, we are going to use a .3 discount factor for the excess losses. The Expected Losses are 57,750. The Expected Loss figure basically is calculated from payroll per classification code.

Claim NoLossPrimaryExcess


The E-Mod is calculated as:

(35,150 + (87,780 *.3))/57,750 = 1.06

Graphic of E-Mod Changes Rating UP Color Green Check

After 2014 the numbers would change dramatically

Claim NoLossPrimaryExcess


The E-Mod is calculated as:

(72,430 + (50,500 *.3))/57,750 = 1.52 


This results in an E-Mod of:

  • 2012 – 1.06
  • 2013 – 1.41
  • 2014 – 1.48
  • 2015 – 1.52

The increase (3%) is not that large from 2013 to 2014. However there was a three year increase of 31%.

This type of E-Mod increase can affect your company in two significant ways:

  • If your company is bidding on contracts, the main contracting company will usually only accept bids from a 1.0 E-Mod sub-contractor. The other side of the coin is that it will be much tougher to slow down an increasing E-Mod.
  • The increase can push a company into the risk pool where Workers Comp becomes prohibitively expensive in an already bad economy. The voluntary market is very rarely going to write a company with an E-Mod above 1.5.

    Man Figuring Out E-Mod Changes Bills Paper

As mentioned in one of the previous articles, this example was taken from an actual policy and rating bureau/NCCI Experience Rating Sheets. I do realize there are scheduled debit/credits etc. that would figure into the final premium paid.

All of the examples I gave were for comparison purposes only. Employers with many accidents are going to see their E-Mod jump significantly even with no additional claims or reserve increases.

There are many techniques to reducing your company’s E-Mod. This blog has many recommendations on how to decrease your Mod for any company. The main concept to remember is the E-Mod (X-Mod in California) system is a delayed system. A company cannot wait a few months to start an E-Mod reduction program. The time is today, not tomorrow or next week.

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One Response

  1. I love your blog posting related to the changes in the e-mods. They are very helpful in deciphering the NCCI’s publications.

    I just want to clarify one thing: Will the changes re-calculate any past claims, or only claims that happen in the year of the change? (in 2015, will a claim from 2012 be as shown in your example? and that is what will cause the jump in E-mod?)



Experience Mod Predictions Accurate?

Experience Mod Predictions – Accuracy Depends on Who/Whom You Ask Most Experience Mod predictions can be a tedious process that has cofounded most people working

James J Moore - Workers Comp Expert

Raleigh, NC, United States

About The Author...

James founded a Workers’ Compensation consulting firm, J&L Risk Management Consultants, Inc. in 1996. J&L’s mission is to reduce our clients’ Workers Compensation premiums by using time-tested techniques. J&L’s claims, premium, reserve and Experience Mod reviews have saved employers over $9.8 million in earned premiums over the last three years. J&L has saved numerous companies from bankruptcy proceedings as a result of insurance overpayments.

James has over 27 years of experience in insurance claims, audit, and underwriting, specializing in Workers’ Compensation. He has supervised, and managed the administration of Workers’ Compensation claims, and underwriting in over 45 states. His professional experience includes being the Director of Risk Management for the North Carolina School Boards Association. He created a very successful Workers’ Compensation Injury Rehabilitation Unit for school personnel.

James’s educational background, which centered on computer technology, culminated in earning a Masters of Business Administration (MBA); an Associate in Claims designation (AIC); and an Associate in Risk Management designation (ARM). He is a Chartered Financial Consultant (ChFC) and a licensed financial advisor. The NC Department of Insurance has certified him as an insurance instructor. He also possesses a Bachelors’ Degree in Actuarial Science.

LexisNexis has twice recognized his blog as one of the Top 25 Blogs on Workers’ Compensation. J&L has been listed in AM Best’s Preferred Providers Directory for Insurance Experts – Workers Compensation for over eight years. He recently won the prestigious Baucom Shine Lifetime Achievement Award for his volunteer contributions to the area of risk management and safety. James was recently named as an instructor for the prestigious Insurance Academy.

James is on the Board of Directors and Treasurer of the North Carolina Mid-State Safety Council. He has published two manuals on Workers’ Compensation and three different claims processing manuals. He has also written and has been quoted in numerous articles on reducing Workers’ Compensation costs for public and private employers. James publishes a weekly newsletter with 7,000 readers.

He currently possess press credentials and am invited to various national Workers Compensation conferences as a reporter.

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