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Is The ARAP Considered A Penalty For Unsafe Employers?


ARAP – Workers Comp Definition

ARAP charge appears on many policies. Over the past decade, various states have approved a new premium surcharge known as ARAP, Assigned Risk Adjustment Program. Massachusetts is an exception and here it stands for All Risk Adjustment Factor.  The charging structure is very similar.

Graphic Of Risk Management ARAP Cycle Chart

The factor is based on data from the experience modification computation and is applied to premiums, after the experience modification. This compounds the surcharge from the combined experience modification/ARAP.

Its purpose is to apply an additional premium to assigned risk policies with unusually high loss severity. The Assigned Risk Adjustment Program formula compares actual severity to expected severity. 

Unlike the experience modifier, it is not a credit and debit plan. It can range from 1.00 (no surcharge) to 1.49 (49% surcharge). In some states, caps are placed on the maximum  and in any approved states, the best an employer can expect is no surcharge.

An employer can find the surcharge on their list of policy charges.  The charge will also appear on the final premium audit bill the employer receives at the end of the premium audit process.

The ARAP can be considered a penalty of sorts for unsafe employers.

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James J Moore - Workers Comp Expert

Raleigh, NC, United States

About The Author...

James founded a Workers’ Compensation consulting firm, J&L Risk Management Consultants, Inc. in 1996. J&L’s mission is to reduce our clients’ Workers Compensation premiums by using time-tested techniques. J&L’s claims, premium, reserve and Experience Mod reviews have saved employers over $9.8 million in earned premiums over the last three years. J&L has saved numerous companies from bankruptcy proceedings as a result of insurance overpayments.

James has over 27 years of experience in insurance claims, audit, and underwriting, specializing in Workers’ Compensation. He has supervised, and managed the administration of Workers’ Compensation claims, and underwriting in over 45 states. His professional experience includes being the Director of Risk Management for the North Carolina School Boards Association. He created a very successful Workers’ Compensation Injury Rehabilitation Unit for school personnel.

James’s educational background, which centered on computer technology, culminated in earning a Masters of Business Administration (MBA); an Associate in Claims designation (AIC); and an Associate in Risk Management designation (ARM). He is a Chartered Financial Consultant (ChFC) and a licensed financial advisor. The NC Department of Insurance has certified him as an insurance instructor. He also possesses a Bachelors’ Degree in Actuarial Science.

LexisNexis has twice recognized his blog as one of the Top 25 Blogs on Workers’ Compensation. J&L has been listed in AM Best’s Preferred Providers Directory for Insurance Experts – Workers Compensation for over eight years. He recently won the prestigious Baucom Shine Lifetime Achievement Award for his volunteer contributions to the area of risk management and safety. James was recently named as an instructor for the prestigious Insurance Academy.

James is on the Board of Directors and Treasurer of the North Carolina Mid-State Safety Council. He has published two manuals on Workers’ Compensation and three different claims processing manuals. He has also written and has been quoted in numerous articles on reducing Workers’ Compensation costs for public and private employers. James publishes a weekly newsletter with 7,000 readers.

He currently possess press credentials and am invited to various national Workers Compensation conferences as a reporter.

James’s articles or interviews on Workers’ Compensation have appeared in the following publications or websites:

  • Risk and Insurance Management Society (RIMS)
  • Entrepreneur Magazine
  • Bloomberg Business News
  • WorkCompCentral.com
  • Claims Magazine
  • Risk & Insurance Magazine
  • Insurance Journal
  • Workers Compensation.com
  • LinkedIn, Twitter, Facebook and other social media sites
  • Various trade publications


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